NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|12 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2020
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES [Text Block]||
NOTE 1 -NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Nature of Business
The Company offers retail consumers bottled alkaline water in 500-milliliter, 700-milliliter, 1-liter, 1.5 -liter, 3-liter and 1-gallon sizes, all of which is produced through an electrolysis process that uses specialized electronic cells coated with a variety of rare earth minerals to produce 8.8 pH drinking water without the use of any manmade chemicals. In addition to its bottled alkaline water, the Company also offers retail consumers flavor infused bottled water in the 500-milliliter size in seven flavors: Raspberry, Watermelon, Lemon, Lemon Lime, Peach Mango, Blood Orange, and Cucumber Mint. The Company recently introduced and began selling hemp-derived CBD topical and ingestible products under the brand name “A88CBD™”. Our hemp-derived CBD products are produced and sold in compliance with the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 (also known as the 2018 Farm Bill, Public Law 115-334).
Basis of presentation
The consolidated financial statements included herein, presented in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles and stated in U.S. dollars, have been prepared by the Company, pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Principles of consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of The Alkaline Water Company Inc. (a Nevada Corporation) and its five wholly owned subsidiaries: A88 Infused Beverage Division Inc. (a Nevada Corporation), A88 International, Inc. (a Nevada Corporation), A88 Infused Products Inc. (a Nevada Corporation), AWC Acquisition Company Inc. (a Nevada corporation), and Alkaline 88, LLC (an Arizona Limited Liability Company). All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. The Alkaline Water Company Inc., A88 Infused Beverage Division, Inc., A88 Infused Products Inc., A88 International, Inc., AWC Acquisition Company Inc., and Alkaline 88, LLC will be collectively referred herein to as the "Company". Any reference herein to "The Alkaline Water Company Inc.", the "Company", "we", "our" or "us" is intended to mean The Alkaline Water Company Inc., including the subsidiaries indicated above, unless otherwise indicated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be considered cash equivalents. The carrying value of these investments approximates fair value. As of the balance sheet date and periodically throughout the period, the Company has maintained balances in various operating accounts in excess of federally insured limits. In addition, the Company has maintained balances in its attorney’s client trust account in both C$ and US$. The Company has not experienced any losses in such accounts and periodically evaluates the credit worthiness of the financial institutions and has determined the credit exposure to be negligible. The Company had $4,561,682 and $11,032,451 in cash at March 31, 2020 and March 31, 2019, respectively.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company generally does not require collateral, and the majority of its trade receivables are unsecured. The carrying amount for accounts receivable approximates fair value.
Accounts receivable consisted of the following as of March 31, 2020 and 2019:
Accounts receivable are periodically evaluated for collectability based on past credit history with clients. Provisions for losses on accounts receivable are determined on the basis of loss experience, known and inherent risk in the account balance and current economic conditions. The accounts receivable balance is pledged as collateral for the Company's revolving financing as disclosed in Note 4.
Inventory represents raw materials and finished goods valued at the lower of cost or market with cost determined using the weight average method which approximates first-in first-out method, and with market defined as the lower of replacement cost or realizable value. The inventory balance is pledged as collateral for the Company's revolving financing as disclosed in Note 4.
As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, inventory consisted of the following:
Property and Equipment
The Company records all property and equipment at cost less accumulated depreciation. Improvements are capitalized while repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line (half-life convention) method over the estimated useful life of the assets or the lease term, whichever is shorter. The Company originally estimated the useful life of water production equipment as 5 years. During the year ended March 31, 2019, the company reevaluated the useful life of its water production equipment as the machinery began to wear out sooner than originally expected over a 3-year period due to an increase in revenue. The Company recorded this change and recorded the adjusted depreciation in the year ended March 31, 2019; the effect of which was not material.
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation is in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 718. Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. The Company estimates the fair value of stock-based payments using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for common stock options and warrants and the closing price of the Company's common stock for common share issuances.
Advertising costs are charged to operations when incurred. Advertising expenses for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019 were $303,346 and $374,500 respectively
We recognize revenue when our performance obligations are satisfied. Our primary performance obligation (the distribution and sale of beverage products) is satisfied upon the delivery of products to our customers, which is also when control is transferred. The Company does not accept returns due to the nature of the product. However, the Company will provide credit to our customers for damaged goods. The Company provides credit to its customers which typically requires payment within 30 days. As an incentive to pay early the Company also typically provides a 2% discount if the customer pays within 10 days. The Company estimates the amount of the discount that the customer is likely to take and records it as reduction in revenue. The amounts are not considered material. After evaluating the revenue disclosure requirements, the Company does not believe that it needs to disaggregate revenues.
Revenue consists of the gross sales price, less variable consideration, including estimated allowances for which provisions are made at the time of sale, and less certain other discounts and allowances. Shipping and handling charges that are billed to customers are included as a component of revenue. Costs incurred by the Company for shipping and handling charges are included in selling expenses and amounted to $5,799,766 and $5,393,253 for the years ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
We have 2 major customers that together account for 36% (22% and 14%, respectively) of accounts receivable at March 31, 2020, and 2 customers that together account for 40% (24% and 16%, respectively) of the total revenues earned for the year ended March 31, 2020. The Company has 3 vendors that accounted for 52% (21%, 20%, and 11% respectively) of purchases for the year ended March 31, 2020.
In accordance with ASC 740 "Accounting for Income Taxes", the provision for income taxes is computed using the asset and liability method. Under the asset and liability method, deferred income tax assets and liabilities are determined based on the differences between the financial reporting and tax bases of assets and liabilities and are measured using the currently enacted tax rates and laws. A valuation allowance is provided for the amount of deferred tax assets that, based on available evidence, are not expected to be realized.
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share
Basic and diluted earnings or loss per share ("EPS") amounts in the consolidated financial statements are computed in accordance ASC 260- 10 "Earnings per Share", which establishes the requirements for presenting EPS. Basic EPS is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted EPS is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and dilutive common stock equivalents. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income or loss available to common stockholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share, because their effect would be anti-dilutive.
For the year ended March 31, 2020 and 2019, respectively, the Company had no shares relating to options and 1,236,510 shares relating to options, no shares relating to warrants and 3,190,479 shares relating to warrants and no shares relating to convertible preferred shares and 1,500,000 convertible preferred shares that were not included in the diluted earnings per share calculation because they were antidilutive.
The Company operates on one segment in one geographic location - the United States of America and; therefore, segment information is not presented.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts of the company's financial instruments including accounts payable, accrued expenses, and notes payable approximate fair value due to the relative short period for maturity these instruments.
The company does not use derivative financial instruments to hedge exposures to cash-flow, market or foreign-currency risks.
Authoritative guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The guidance establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the company's assumptions of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on reliability of the inputs as follows:
Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2: Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.
As of March 31, 2020 and 2019, the company did not have any financial instruments that are measured on a recurring basis as Level 1, 2 or 3.
Certain accounts in the prior period were reclassified to conform to the current period financial statements presentation.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Standards. The following recently issued accounting standards were adopted during fiscal year 2020.
The Company adopted ASC 842 on April 1, 2019 which requires lessees to recognize right-of-use ("ROU") asset and lease liability for all leases. The Company elected the package of transition practical expedients for existing contracts, which allowed us to carry forward our historical assessments of whether contracts are or contain leases, lease classification and determination of initial direct costs. The adoption resulted in a lease liability of approximately $185,510 and a right of use asset of approximately $165,699. The Company’s undiscounted minimum lease commitments under its operating leases are disclosed in Note 8.
The Company adopted ASU 2018-07, “Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Base Payment Accounting” on April 1, 2019. The Company did not issue any of its shares to nonemployees in exchange for goods or services during the year ended March 31, 2020.
Standards Required to be Adopted in Future Years.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 amends the guidance on the impairment of financial instruments. This update adds an impairment model (known as the current expected credit losses model) that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under the new guidance, an entity recognizes, as an allowance, its estimate of expected credit losses. In November 2018, ASU 2016-13 was amended by ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. ASU 2018-19 changes the effective date of the credit loss standards (ASU 2016-13) to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Further, the ASU clarifies that operating lease receivables are not within the scope of ASC 326-20 and should instead be accounted for under the new leasing standard, ASC 842. The Company does not believe that the impact of adopting this standard will have a material effect on its financial statements.
The Company has evaluated other recent accounting pronouncements through June 2020 and believes that none of them will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef