NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|6 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2019
|Notes to Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES [Text Block]||
NOTE 1 -NATURE OF BUSINESS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Nature of Business
The Alkaline Water Company Inc. and its four wholly owned subsidiaries shall collectively be referred to as the “Company.” The Company offers retail consumers bottled alkaline water in 500-milliliter, 700-milliliter, 1-liter, 1.5 -liter, 3-liter and 1-gallon sizes, all of which is produced through an electrolysis process that uses specialized electronic cells coated with a variety of rare earth minerals to produce 8.8 pH drinking water without the use of any manmade chemicals. The Company also sells to retail customers flavor infused bottled water in the 500-milliliter size in four flavors: Raspberry, Watermelon, Lemon and Blood Orange.
Basis of presentation
These unaudited financial statements represent the condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company's consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto as set forth in the Company's Form 10-K, filed with the SEC on July 1, 2019, which included all disclosures required by generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") In the opinion of management, these unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments necessary to present fairly the Company's financial position on a consolidated basis and the consolidated results of operations, equity and cash flows for the interim periods presented. The results of operations for the three and six months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 are not necessarily indicative of expected operating results for the full year. The information presented throughout the document as of and for the three and six months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018 is unaudited. The condensed consolidated balance sheet at March 31, 2019 has been derived from the audited financial statements at that date, but does not include all of the information and footnotes required by generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. for complete financial statements.
Principles of consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of The Alkaline Water Company Inc. (a Nevada Corporation) and its four wholly owned subsidiaries: A88 Infused Beverage Division Inc. (a Nevada Corporation), A88 International, Inc. (a Nevada Corporation), A88 Infused Products Inc. (a Nevada Corporation), and Alkaline 88, LLC (an Arizona Limited Liability Company).
All significant intercompany balances and transactions have been eliminated. Any reference herein to “The Alkaline Water Company Inc.”, the “Company”, “we”, “our” or “us” is intended to mean The Alkaline Water Company Inc., including the subsidiaries indicated above, unless otherwise indicated.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ significantly from those estimates.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
The Company considers all highly liquid instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be considered cash equivalents. The carrying value of these investments approximates fair value. As of the balance sheet date and periodically throughout the period, the Company has maintained balances in various operating accounts in excess of federally insured limits. The Company had $6,870,906 and $11,032,451 in cash at September 30, 2019 and March 31, 2019, respectively.
Accounts Receivable and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company generally does not require collateral, and the majority of its trade receivables are unsecured. The carrying amount for accounts receivable approximates fair value.
Accounts receivable consisted of the following as of September 30, 2019 and March 31, 2019:
Accounts receivable are periodically evaluated for collectability based on past credit history with clients. Provisions for losses on accounts receivable are determined on the basis of loss experience, known and inherent risk in the account balance and current economic conditions. The accounts receivable balance is pledged as collateral for the Company's revolving financing as disclosed in Note 3.
Inventory represents raw materials and finished goods valued at the lower of cost or market with cost determined using the weight average method which approximates first-in first-out method, and with market defined as the lower of replacement cost or realizable value. The inventory balance is pledged as collateral for the Company's revolving financing as disclosed in Note 3.
As of September 30, 2019 and March 31, 2019, inventory consisted of the following:
Property and Equipment
The Company records all property and equipment at cost less accumulated depreciation. Improvements are capitalized while repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred. Depreciation is calculated using the straight-line (half-life convention) method over the estimated useful life of the assets, which the Company has determined to be 3 years.
The Company accounts for stock-based compensation in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification ("ASC") 718. Stock-based compensation is measured at the grant date, based on the fair value of the award, and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. The Company estimates the fair value of stock-based payments using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model for common stock options and warrants and the closing price of the Company's common stock for common share issuances.
The Company recognizes revenue per ASC 606. The Company recognizes revenue when the Company's performance obligations are satisfied. The Company's primary obligation (the distribution and sale of beverage products) is satisfied upon the delivery of products to the Company's customers, which is also when control is transferred. The Company does not accept returns due to the nature of the product. However, the Company will provide credit to our customers for damaged goods. The Company provides credit to its customers which typically require payment within 30 days. As an incentive to pay early the Company also typically provides a 2% discount if the customer pays within 10 days. The Company estimates the amount of the discount that the customer is likely to take and recognizes it as variable consideration. The amounts are not considered material. After evaluating the revenue disclosure requirements the Company does not believe that any revenues are required to be disaggregated.
Revenue consists of the gross sales price, less variable consideration, consisting of estimated allowances for which provisions are made at the time of sale, and less certain other discounts, allowances, and rebates that are accounted for as a reduction from gross revenue. Shipping and handling charges that are billed to customers are included as a component of revenue. Costs incurred by the Company for shipping and handling charges are included in selling expenses and amounted to $1,496,708 and $1,376,967 for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively and $2,928,163 and $2,900,243 for the six months ended September 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively.
We have 2 major customers that together account for 41% (23% and 18%, respectively) of accounts receivable at September 30, 2019, and 2 customers that together account for 41% (24% and 17%, respectively) of the total revenues earned for the three months and six months ended September 30, 2019. The Company has 2 vendors that accounts for 43% (24% and 19% respectively) of purchases for the three months ended September 30, 2019 and 3 vendors that accounted for 54% (23%, 20% and 11% respectively) of purchases for the six months ended September 30, 2019.
We had 2 major customers that together accounted for 33% (17% and 16%, respectively) of accounts receivable at September 30, 2018. The Company has 2 customers that together accounted for 40% (24% and 16%, respectively) of the total revenues earned for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 2 customers that together accounted for 41% (22% and 19% respectively) of the total revenues earned for the six months ended September 30, 2018. The Company has 3 vendors that accounts for 58% (33%, 13%, and 12% respectively) of purchases for the three months ended September 30, 2018 and 3 vendors that accounted for 58% (35%, 12% and 11% respectively) of purchases for the six months ended September 30, 2018.
The Company uses an estimated annual effective tax rate method in computing its interim tax provision. This effective tax rate is based on forecasted annual pre-tax income (loss), permanent tax differences and statutory tax rates. Deferred income taxes are recognized for differences between the basis of assets and liabilities for financial statement and income tax purposes. The differences relate principally to net operating loss carryforwards. Deferred tax assets and liabilities represent the future tax consequence for those differences, which will either be taxable or deductible when the assets and liabilities are recovered or settled. Valuation allowances are established when necessary to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
Basic and Diluted Loss Per Share
Basic and diluted earnings or loss per share ("EPS") amounts in the consolidated financial statements are computed in accordance ASC 260- 10 "Earnings per Share", which establishes the requirements for presenting EPS. Basic EPS is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted EPS is based on the weighted average number of common shares outstanding and dilutive common stock equivalents. Basic EPS is computed by dividing net income or loss available to common stockholders (numerator) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding (denominator) during the period. Potentially dilutive securities were excluded from the calculation of diluted loss per share, because their effect would be anti-dilutive.
The Company operates on one segment in one geographic location - the United States of America and; therefore, segment information is not presented.
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
The carrying amounts of the Company's financial instruments including accounts payable, accrued expenses, and notes payable approximate fair value due to the relative short period for maturity of these instruments.
The Company does not use derivative financial instruments to hedge exposures to cash-flow, market or foreign-currency risks.
Authoritative guidance defines fair value as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability (an exit price) in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The guidance establishes a hierarchy for inputs used in measuring fair value that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs by requiring that the most observable inputs be used when available. Observable inputs are inputs that market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability, developed based on market data obtained from sources independent of the Company. Unobservable inputs are inputs that reflect the company's assumptions of what market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability developed based on the best information available in the circumstances. The hierarchy is broken down into three levels based on reliability of the inputs as follows:
Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2: Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3: Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.
As of September 30, 2019 and 2018, the Company did not have any financial instruments that are measured on a recurring basis as Level 1, 2 or 3.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Standards. The following recently issued accounting standards were adopted during fiscal year 2020:
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The new guidance requires lessees to recognize a right-of-use asset and a lease liability for virtually all leases, other than leases with a term of 12 months or less, and to provide additional disclosures about leasing arrangements. The Company adopted this standard as of April 1, 2019, the first day of its 2020 fiscal year, using the modified retrospective approach the impact of which was not material. The Company, as of September 30, 2019 has a right of use asset of $84,832 and an operating lease liability of $98,095 as a result of the adoption of this standard.
Standards Required to be Adopted in Future Years.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-13, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. ASU 2016-13 amends the guidance on the impairment of financial instruments. This update adds an impairment model (known as the current expected credit losses model) that is based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. Under the new guidance, an entity recognizes, as an allowance, its estimate of expected credit losses. In November 2018, ASU 2016-13 was amended by ASU 2018-19, Codification Improvements to Topic 326, Financial Instruments - Credit Losses. ASU 2018-19 changes the effective date of the credit loss standards (ASU 2016-13) to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Further, the ASU clarifies that operating lease receivables are not within the scope of ASC 326-20 and should instead be accounted for under the new leasing standard, ASC 842. The Company does not believe that the impact of adopting this standard will have a material effect on its financial statements.
The Company has evaluated other recent accounting pronouncements through September 30, 2019 and believes that none of them will have a material effect on our consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef